Daily Archives: October 17, 2011
Sunday’s New York Times featured an important article by Supreme Court reporter Adam Liptak, entitled, “College Diversity Nears Its Last Stand.” In the piece, Liptak notes that experts think the U.S. Supreme Court will probably accept a challenge to racial affirmative action at the University of Texas at Austin. The article furthermore suggests that if the Court takes the case, there may be five votes to strike down racial preferences bringing about “the end of affirmative action at public universities.”
In framing the issue, the article quotes supporters of racial preferences and diversity, as well as those, such as Peter Wood of the National Association of Scholars and Peter H. Schuck of Yale Law School, who say racial diversity in education is overrated. The article leaves readers with the impression that the Court essentially has two options: it could strike down the use of race and see racial diversity plummet or it could affirm the use or race, as the Court did in the 2003 Grutter v. Bollinger case, and preserve the status quo. But polls have long suggested that Americans are looking for a third option—they value racial and ethnic diversity in higher education, but don’t want applicants casually judged by skin color—and the Supreme Court may very well try to thread that needle.
This third path, which validates racial diversity as a compelling interest in higher education, yet seeks to limit the explicit use of racial preference to a “last resort,” may well be where Justice Anthony Kennedy, the swing vote on the Supreme Court, wants to take the country. In a 5-4 2007 decision involving the use of race in student assignment at the K-12 level, Justice Kennedy said diversity is a compelling interest but struck down a plan which explicitly favored or disfavored individual students based on their race, suggesting alternative routes to achieving diversity were available.
In the possible upcoming Supreme Court challenge, the University of Texas at Austin employs what Liptak calls an “idiosyncratic” admissions system. Since the 1990s, UT has admitted students who are in the top 10 percent of their high school class and has provided preferences to socioeconomically disadvantaged students of all races. But following the 2003 Grutter decision, UT reintroduced the use of race in admissions. This hybrid system is indeed idiosyncratic; most universities don’t try to find race-neutral ways of achieving racial diversity, instead jumping straight to using race. But that is precisely why opponents of preference chose to highlight UT Austin. They argue that race-neutral methods produced a class with substantial racial diversity (16.9 percent Hispanic and 4.5 percent black) in 2004, prior to the reinstatement of racial preferences.
Could UT’s success be replicated elsewhere? According to 2004 research published by the Century Foundation, class-based affirmative action would produce three-fourths as much racial diversity as using race at the most selective 146 colleges and universities. While university admissions based on grades and test scores would yield student bodies that have a 4-percent combined black and Latino admissions, class-based preferences would boost that to 10 percent black and Latino, somewhat short of the current 12-percent representation. Socioeconomic factors not included in the Century Foundation study—such as wealth—could boost racial diversity even further, as black income is 60 percent of white income, but black net worth is just 5 percent of white net worth.
Some will suggest this indirect approach to racial diversity is too “cute.” If the goal is racial diversity, why not be honest, and use race per se? But this criticism ignores the insight that both public opinion and Supreme Court doctrine provide: Judging individuals by race is morally repugnant, something to be reserved only for cases when it’s absolutely necessary. Moreover, there are important moral reasons to want to promote socioeconomic diversity and mobility independent of race. Today, research finds, universities give substantial weight to race but essentially no preference for socioeconomic status in admissions. A ruling by the Supreme Court curtailing the use of race could reverse this equation, encouraging universities to place great emphasis on socioeconomic status, while little or no emphasis on race. College diversity, in this case, wouldn’t be taking its “last stand.” It would be taking a new and different form that at long last addresses the nation’s profound and growing chasm between rich and poor.
The fate of Ford’s agreement with the UA W is now rests with the Louisville Local 862 union members.
With the majority of voting completed across the country and an approximate 5,000 vote margin in favor of the new deal, the roughly 5,300 bloc of voters going to the polls now through Tuesday has a lot riding on the outcome.
Some key provisions of the deal are aimed specifically at Louisville which in addition to the previously announced two new shifts for the Escape also has the promise of a third shift for a yet-to-be-named vehicle. That shift would produce approximately one thousand jobs. Read more here at UAW Local 862.
For the UAW’s Bob King to be carrying on as he is below, and for representatives to be carrying a “No More Bailouts” sign is the height of hypocritical behavior witnessed through the lens of Occupy Wall Street. What don’t you get Bob? You and your union were bailed out.
Do you not understand that there would be a much smaller domestic auto industry in the U.S. had we the tax payer not bailed out two of the Big 3. These bailouts meant that UAW members would continue to have jobs, and you Mr. King would still have a union that employs you.
The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW) has endorsed the Occupy Wall Streetmovement for economic and political justice. Citing the long overdue need to reorder America’s economic priorities, the UAW will commit resources and activate its membership nationally in support of reclaiming the American economy on behalf of working men and women, the poor, the elderly, the unemployed and our nation’s youth.
“America is not broke,” said UAW President Bob King, “We have the resources to turn our economy around. The courage and determination of the Occupy Wall Street movement has galvanized generations of Americans fed up with corporate greed and feeling powerless. They have a vision toward a more just, equal, and fair society- demanding real democracy.”
UAW members throughout the New York area have been participating in Occupy Wall Street, including the demonstration against police brutality, the march across the Brooklyn Bridge, and participating in the occupation of Zucotti Park on the doorstep of Wall Street. Members in Massachusetts have been participating in the New York demonstrations as well as protests in Boston.
“We recognize the need to work together and learn from each other,” said Julie Kushner, UAW Region 9ADirector. “The vitality, energy and dialogue growing from the Occupy Wall Street movement show the potential to organize, build power and win justice for the middle class.”
“Our members in New York and throughout the region are activists and deeply committed to building a coalition-based movement. Fighting for jobs and economic justice and demanding that millionaires pay their fair share is something we are proud to be a part of in the Occupy Wall Street movement,” Kushner added.